Changes in Some Haematological Indices among Covid-19 Patients in Parts of Imo State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Nwabueze E.U.
Ahaotu E.O.
Nwabueze N.O.

Abstract

This study on changes in some haematological indices among COVID-19 patients was conducted in parts of Imo State between the months of August 2020 to December 2021. A total of seventy-five (75) blood samples from patients who tested positive for SAR-COV2 were used for the study. The blood samples collected were analysed using standard haematological procedures i.e. polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for viral identification while a haematology analyzer was used for haematological parameters. The study revealed a significant increase in white blood count (WBC) in severe patients (12.5 × 109/c). When compared with the control group (8.2 × 109/c) at (p<0.05). The result of the study also revealed a significant increase in monocyte, Eosinophil are Basophyl count in severe cases (20.0%, 27.0% and 18.0%) and critical cases (25.0%, 30.0% and 27.0%) respectively when compared with the control group (6.0%, 8.0% and 3.0%) at (p<0.05). Also, there was a significant decrease in lymphocyte (29.0%) and CD4 (500 cell/mm3) count respectively among patients who were in critical condition. The mean platelet count (135 × 109/L)  and red cell distribution width (58.0%) among COVID-19 patients in critical condition decreased significantly when compared with other groups at (p<0.05). The highest number of COVID-19 patients in critical condition were recorded in the age group 61 – 70 years, followed by the age group 51 – 60 years. Therefore, from the result of the present study, it is obvious that COVID-19 can alter some vital haematological parameters. If these alterations are not properly managed, it can lead to high mortality among infected patients.

Article Details

Changes in Some Haematological Indices among Covid-19 Patients in Parts of Imo State, Nigeria. (2023). African Journal of Advances in Science and Technology Research, 14(1), 38-46. https://doi.org/10.62154/2rjs6777
Articles

Copyright (c) 2023 Nwabueze E.U., Ahaotu E.O., Nwabueze N.O. (Author)

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Nwabueze E.U., University of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Umuagwo.

Department of Biological Sciences,

University of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences Umuagwo.

Ahaotu E.O., University of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Umuagwo.

Department of Animal Production,

University of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Umuagwo.

Nwabueze N.O., Imo State University, Owerri.

Department of Animal and Environmental Biology,

Imo State University, Owerri.