Design and Simulation of VCO for RF Transceivers with Low Power, Low Phase Noise and Wider Tuning Range using Silterra 130nm CMOS Technology

Main Article Content

Yakubu Mohammed
Nkeleme V.O.
Boyson Andrew

Abstract

The performance of low-power transceivers is required to meet stringent specifications for an advanced wireless radio frequency (RF) application. The design topology in this paper is simulated to meet the specifications and operation of VCO for low power, low phase noise and wide tuning range in complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) 130nm technology for RF transceivers. The relationship between the phase noise, power consumption and frequency turning range is fully analyzed to further improve the performance of the voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO). The architecture of the VCO employs two sets of symmetrical cross-couple split NMOS and PMOS with biased current sources operating in the triode region, and a resonator tank that achieves the desired low phase noise performance of about -110 dB/Hz at a tuning range of 4.1 to 4.5 GHz with a supply of 0.9 V. The control of the DC bias point reduces the conduction angle, which improves the current efficiency, power consumption and phase noise. The topology generates sufficient –gm for the oscillator incorporation to mitigate the start-up issue of the VCO. At the center frequency of 4.38 GHz, the VCO serves as a promising solution for improving low power and low phase for wireless communication systems and RF transceiver applications. The design consumes a very low power of 0.138 mW, achieves a phase noise of -110.53 dBc/Hz at 1 MHz offset, and a figure of merit (FoM) of -191.90 dBc/Hz.

Keywords: RF Transceivers, CMOS Technology, Oscillator, Resonator Tank, Tuning Range

Article Details

Design and Simulation of VCO for RF Transceivers with Low Power, Low Phase Noise and Wider Tuning Range using Silterra 130nm CMOS Technology. (2024). African Journal of Advances in Science and Technology Research, 14(1), 26-37. https://doi.org/10.62154/1tvpkk14
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Copyright (c) 2024 Yakubu Mohammed, Nkeleme V.O., Boyson Andrew (Author)

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Yakubu Mohammed, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Nigeria.

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technology,

Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Nigeria.

Nkeleme V.O., Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Nigeria.

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technology,

Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Nigeria.

Boyson Andrew, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Nigeria.

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technology,

Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Nigeria.