Seed Germination of Syzygium Cumini (Java Plum) Under Different Desiccation Period in Borno State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Gupa, M.A.
Garba, M.
Sa’idu M.
Adamu A.
Muhammad A.H.

Abstract

The study assessed seed germination of Syzygium cumini commonly known as Java plum or Malmo in Hausa under different desiccation periods in Maiduguri, Borno State. Understanding the germination behaviour of its seeds under different desiccation periods is essential for effective propagation and conservation efforts. Fresh seeds of S. cumini were collected, and subjected to different desiccation periods (fresh, one, two and three weeks). Germination percentage, height measurement and stem diameter were recorded and analyzed. The result showed that, 44%, 52%, 64%, 68%, 76% and 80% germinated at 10,11,12.13,14 and 15 DAS respectively while 100% of the fresh seeds germinated at 18 DAS. About 4% of the one-week desiccated seeds germinated at 23 DAS and16%, and 28%, 64%, and 76% germinated at 24, 27, 28, and 29 DAS respectively, while 100% of the one-week desiccated seeds germinated at 31 DAS. The height of the fresh seed reached 21.76cm at 60 DAE and 18.90cm height at 60 DAE during one-week desiccated period of S. cumini seed. The results indicated that seed germination was influenced by the duration of desiccation. Fresh seeds exhibited a higher germination percentage and faster germination compared to seeds desiccated for longer periods. The study provides valuable insights into the germination behaviour of S. cumini seeds under different desiccation periods, emphasizing the importance of proper seed handling and storage for successful propagation. It was recommended that fresh seeds for S. cumini were best for germination and growth performance.

Keywords: Assessment, Desiccation, Germination, Seed, Sowing

Article Details

Seed Germination of Syzygium Cumini (Java Plum) Under Different Desiccation Period in Borno State, Nigeria. (2024). African Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research, 15(1), 09-16. https://doi.org/10.62154/fkf5m351
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Copyright (c) 2024 Gupa, M.A., Garba, M., Sa’idu M., Adamu A., Muhammad A.H. (Author)

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Gupa, M.A., University of Maiduguri Borno State, Nigeria.

Department of Forestry and Wildlife,

University of Maiduguri Borno State, Nigeria.

Garba, M., University of Maiduguri Borno State, Nigeria.

Department of Forestry and Wildlife,

University of Maiduguri Borno State, Nigeria.

Sa’idu M., Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure, Jigawa State.

Department of Forestry Technology, College of Agriculture,

Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure, Jigawa State.

Adamu A., Bayero University Kano, Nigeria.

Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management,

Bayero University Kano, Nigeria.

Muhammad A.H., University of Maiduguri Borno State, Nigeria.

Department of Forestry and Wildlife,

University of Maiduguri Borno State, Nigeria.

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